BudgetMI School Data
Allergy Safety

Allergy Safety 

An allergic reaction is an immune system response to something that isn't normally harmful. 

Children with family members who have allergies are more likely to develop them. Allergies are very common in children with asthma - and can trigger asthma attacks. 

Some allergies are more likely to cause severe and dangerous reactions, including: 

•     Food allergies.

•     Insect stings.

•     Medication allergies.

•     Latex allergy. 

Allergy Symptoms

Common symptoms include: 

•    Itchy, stinging, red, or watery eyes.

•    Runny or congested nose.

•    Rash or hives or itchy skin.

•    Itching or swelling in the mouth or throat.

Anaphylaxis: Epinephrine and Emergency Care - ASAP 

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms typically affect more than one part of the body and can include: 

•    Red rash (usually itchy), with hives or welts.

•    Swollen throat or tongue or swollen areas of the body.

•    Wheezing, a lump in the throat, and/or trouble breathing or swallowing.

•    Dizziness or passing out.

•    Vomiting, diarrhea, and/or stomach cramping.

•    Pale or red color to the face and body. 

A severe reaction requires immediate injection of epinephrine- followed by a trip to the emergency room. The individual must go to the emergency room even if symptoms subside, to ensure the reaction doesn't recur. 

Managing Allergies- and Staying Safe 

  • Get testing from an allergist to identify the allergens. 
  • Help your child avoid known allergens to the greatest extent possible. 
  • Follow the doctor's treatment and medication plan; ensure your child has access to any emergency medications at all times. 
  • Consider having your child wear a medic alert bracelet listing the allergens, and location of emergency medication. 
  • Check epinephrine expiration dates regularly - epi pens often expire after a year. 
  • Notify all caretakers, the school nurse, and teachers of your child's allergies. Make sure your child's treatment plan and authorization to administer emergency medication are current at school. 
  • If your child has severe food allergies: 

    o  Find out if related allergens may also cause reactions. For example, children allergic to shrimp may also be allergic to crab, lobster, and crayfish.
            o  Educate family and friends on the dangers of exposure; a reaction can be caused by touching an allergen or even breathing in dust from the food.
    o Be aware of the dangers of cross contamination in processed foods- and foods prepared at home. 

For More Information: 

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases provides a wide array of information on allergic diseases at http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/allergicdiseases/Pages/default.aspx 

The American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology provides information on recognizing and treating allergies, and managing allergy emergencies (anaphylaxis) at http://www.acaai. erg/allergist/Pages/default.aspx 

Food Allergy Research and Awareness offers information and safety tips at www.foodallergy.org